The cat's hunting instinct
Over 9,000 years ago, human society's agriculture changed and started producing excess grain, which attracted small rodents.
Wild cat populations started living near those storages and hunting the rodents, which is how cat’s domestication started.
Slowly, animals that were able to share their territory with other cats, and humans, were selected over those who weren’t. That’s how they became useful and valued beings, and, consequently, a member of sedentary human society.
Nutrition rich in meat
Cats are cornivore animals, and, since their origins, they have resorted to hunting to obtain the necessary nutrition. Currently, cats that live with humans are fed by them, so they don’t need to hunt to get their sustenance.
Strict carnivore animal diet is adapted to a great consumption of meat, so they do not have protein storage mechanisms, and need a high intake of protein, as well as external contribution of certain nutrients usually contained in meat, such as niacin, arachidonic acid, and taurine, mainly obtained through ingredients of animal origin.
Variety and balance in ingredients
Feline diets should also include certain amount of vegetables that provide them with fibre, vitamins and minerals. Despite their diet being mainly composed of animal protein, it's important that we include some ingredients of vegetabl origin in their diets.
In their natural environment, cats do not intake a great amount of carbohydrates and their main source of energy comes from animal protein and fat.
Currently, urban cat’s lifestyle is not fully comparable to their ancestors’ in the Nile basin, although they have probably kept many of their physiological and metabolic characteristics. In order for the cat to maintain its vitality, it is best to provide it with a comfortable environment and a diet in accordance with their essential needs, activity, and lifestyle.